Literary Prizes



Pulitzer Prize: Fiction


1918- Ernest Poole, His Family (prominent NY father learns his 3 daughters must make their way in a world

of social mobility)

1919- Booth Tarkington, The Magnificent Ambersons (about family life of fading 1900s aristocracy)

1921- Edith Wharton, The Age of Innocence (NY 1870s: Neland Archer marries May Welland but

loves her cousin Ellen Olenska)

1922- Booth Tarkington, Alice Adams (drug company employee has nagging wife,

shiftless son, and dreaming daughter Alice whose hopes are dashed and enters Frincke's Business College)

1923- Willa Cather, One of Ours (Claude Wheeler grows up on Western farm, goes to college, killed

in army in France)

1924- Margaret Wilson, The Able McLaughlins (about 1860s Scottish Presbyterian family on American frontier)

1925- Edna Ferber, So Big (life of hard-working principled woman and her materialistic son)

1926- Sinclair Lewis, Arrowsmith (Refused prize) (Martin Arrowsmith, a bacteriologist, goes to VT farm

and West Indies)

1927- Louis Bromfield, Early Autumn (a strong woman opposes materialism)

1928- Thornton Wilder, Bridge of San Luis Rey (1714 Peru: Brother Juniper investigates death of 5

travelers on bridge)

1929- Julia M. Peterkin, Scarlet Sister Mary (religious heroine has 8 illegitimate kids)

1930- Oliver LaFarge, Laughing Boy (young Navajo wife lives with missionary family)

1931- Margaret Ayer Barnes, Years of Grace (tells of a woman's relationships from adolescence to age 54)

1932- Pearl S. Buck, The Good Earth China: Wang Lung and wife O-lan rise from poverty to wealth but

sons don't share their respect for the land)

1933- T. S. Stribling, The Store (three generations of AL family, Civil War to 1920s)

1934- Caroline Miller, Lamb in His Bosom (about Carver family in mid-1800s GA backwoods)

1935- Josephine W. Johnson, Now in November (about a Midwest farm girl)

1936- Harold L. Davis, Honey in the Horn (teenager wanders through Oregon)

1937- Margaret Mitchell, Gone With the Wind (Civil War Georgia: Scarlett O'Hara of Tara

plantation loves Ashley Wilkes but he marries Melanie Hamilton; Scarlett is widowed twice, then marries

Rhett Butler; Alexandra Ripley wrote 1992 sequel Scarlett)

1938- John P. Marquand, The Late George Apley (A Novel in the Form of a Memoir;

Horatio Willing tells about life of Bostonian George Apley)

1939- Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, The Yearling (northern Florida boy Jody loves a fawn but must

shoot it when it eats family corn)

1940- John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath (Joad family travels from OK to CA during the Great

Depression to find work picking fruit; Tom Joad becomes involved in strikes and kills a man; Rose of Sharon has


1942- Ellen Glasgow, In This Our Life (contrast between old and new societies in the South)

1943- Upton Sinclair, Dragon's Teeth (about Nazi Germany)

1944- Martin Flavin, Journey in the Dark (Chicago wallpaper manufacturer rises from poverty to wealth)

1945- John Hersey, A Bell for Adano (American major in WWII discovers dignity of the Sicilian villagers)

1947- Robert Penn Warren, All the King's Men (US South: Willie Stark, like Huey Long;

narrated by Jack Burden)

1948- James A. Michener, Tales of the South Pacific (stories based on experiences in South Pacific during


1949- James Gould Cozzens, Guard of Honor

1950- A. B. Guthrie Jr., The Way West (families in an 1845 wagon train to Oregon)

1951- Conrad Richter, The Town (about pioneer woman Sayward Luckett)

1952- Herman Wouk, The Caine Mutiny (officers on WWII minesweeper mutiny against Captain Queeg)

1953- Ernest Hemingway, The Old Man and the Sea (Cuban fisherman Santiago catches marlin on 85th day

but it is slowly eaten by sharks on way home),

1955- William Faulkner, A Fable (allegory of Jesus in WWI France)

1956- MacKinlay Kantor, Andersonville (about Confederate prison camp in GA)

1958- James Agee, A Death in the Family (about the effects of a man's death on his family)

1959- Robert Lewis Taylor, The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters (boy's view of 1849 CA Gold Rush)

1960- Allen Drury, Advise and Consent (about Senate confirmation battle for Secretary of State with

Communist ties in youth)

1961- Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird (AL town: lawyer Atticus Finch defends a black

man; his daughter Scout Finch narrates)

1962- Edwin O'Connor, The Edge of Sadness (Priest Hugh Kennedy's view of three generations of Irish)

1963- William Faulkner, The Reivers

1965- Shirley Ann Grau, The Keepers of the House (Abigail's politician husband leaves her when he learns

her grandfather had married his black mistress)

1966- Katherine Anne Porter, Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter

1967- Bernard Malamud, The Fixer (Russian Jewish workman unjustly sentenced to prison)

1968- William Styron, The Confessions of Nat Turner (about 1831 slave revolt)

1969- N. Scott Momaday, House Made of Dawn (WWII veteran Abel remembers his Kiowa ancestry)

1970- Jean Stafford, Collected Stories

1972- Wallace Stegner, Angle of Repose (man researches his grandparent's settling of American West)

1973- Eudora Welty, The Optimist's Daughter (woman has conflict with her father's second wife)

1975- Michael Shaara, The Killer Angels (about Battle of Gettysburg)

1976- Saul Bellow, Humboldt's Gift (Charles Citrine falls under spell of Von Humboldt Fleisher and

Rinaldo Cantabile; debates isolated life of art)

1978- James Alan McPherson, Elbow Room (stories about struggling against limits set by others)

1979- John Cheever, The Stories of John Cheever

1980- Norman Mailer, The Executioner's Song (about convicted murderer Gary Gilmore)

1981- John Kennedy Toole, A Confederacy of Dunces (about retarted Ignatius Reilly)

1982- John Updike, Rabbit Is Rich (about Henry "Rabbit" Angstrom)

1983- Alice Walker, The Color Purple (Celie made pregnant twice by dad by age 14 and sold to Albert but

befriends Shug)

1984- William Kennedy, Ironweed (about major league pitcher Francis Phelan)

1985- Alison Lurie, Foreign Affairs (about middle-aged children's author)

1986- Larry McMurtry, Lonesome Dove (about late 1800s cattle drive from TX to MT)

1987- Peter Taylor, A Summons to Memphis (Mr. Carver moves his family from genteel Nashville to industrialized


1988- Toni Morrison, Beloved (Sethe kills her daughter Beloved rather than have her grow up a slave)

1989- Anne Tyler, Breathing Lessons

1990- Oscar Hijuelos, The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love (two brothers go from Havana to NYC to play in

mambo clubs)

1991- John Updike, Rabbit at Rest (about Henry "Rabbit" Angstrom)

1992- Jane Smiley, A Thousand Acres

1993- Robert Olen Butler, A Good Scent From a Strange Mountain (stories about Vietnamese emigres in


1994- E. Annie Proulx, The Shipping News (unattractive widower makes new life for himself and two daughters

in Newfoundland)

1995- Carol Shields, The Stone Diaries (about the life of a Canadian woman born in 1905)

1996- Richard Ford, Independence Day (about sportswriter Frank Bascombe)

1997- Steven Millhauser, Martin Dressler: The Tale of an American Dreamer (about young man's rise in NYC

hotel business in late 1800s)

1998- Philip Roth, American Pastoral (about a family's deterioration in late 1900s)

1999- Michael Cunningham, The Hours (about the influence of Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway on three generations

of women)

2000- Jhumpa Lahiri, Interpreter of Madness (about roots and the New World in the lives of American Indians)

2001 - Michael Chabon, The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay (two Jewish cousins in the comics industry)

2002 - Richard Russo, Empire Falls (Miles Roby manages the Empire Grill in Maine)

2003 - Jeffrey Eugenide, Middlesex (about an intersex Greek-American)

2004 - Edward P. Jones, The Known World (about slavery in Virginia)

2005 - Marilynne Robinson, Gilead (about dying Reverend John Ames in Iowa)

2006 - Geraldine Brooks, March (Louisa May Alcott's Little Women retold by the absent father)

2007 - Cormac McCarthy, The Road (journey of father and son across post-apocalyptic landscape)

2008 - Junot Diaz, The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao (life of Oscar De Leon, a Dominican boy in New Jersey)

2009 - Elizabeth Strout, Olive Kitteridge (interrelated short stories about residents of Crosby, Maine)

2010 - Paul Harding, Tinkers (stories of clock repairman George Washington Crosby and his tinker father)

2011 - Jennifer Egan, A Visit From the Goon Squad (interrelated stories about record company executive

Bennie Salazar)

2012 - No award

2013 - Adam Johnson, The Orphan Master's Son (about an orphan growing up in North Korea)

2014 - Donna Tartt, The Goldfinch (Theodore Decker turns to crime after mom killed in art museum bombing)

2015 - Anthony Doerr, All the Light We Cannot See (about a blind French girl and German boy in WWII France)

2016 - Viet Thanh Nguyen, The Sympathizer (about a North Vietnamese mole during and after Vietnam War)

2017 - Colson Whitehead, The Underground Railroad (Slaves Cora and Caesar flee Georgia via a subway)


Pulitzer Prize: Drama


1918- Jesse Lynch Williams, Why Marry?

1920- Eugene O'Neill, Beyond the Horizon

1921- Zona Gale, Miss Lulu Bett

1922- Eugene O'Neill, Anna Christie

1923- Owen Davis, Icebound

1924- Hatcher Hughes, Hell-Bent for Heaven

1925- Sidney Howard, They Knew What They Wanted

1926- George Kelly, Craig's Wife

1927- Paul Green, In Abraham's Bosom

1928- Eugene O'Neill, Strange Interlude

1929- Elmer Rice, Street Scene

1930- Marc Connelly, The Green Pastures

1931- Susan Glaspell, Alison's House

1932- George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind, and Ira Gershwin, Of Thee I Sing

1933- Maxwell Anderson, Both Your Houses

1934- Sidney Kingsley, Men in White

1935- Zoe Akins, The Old Maid

1936- Robert E. Sherwood, Idiot's Delight

1937- George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, You Can't Take It With You

1938- Thornton Wilder, Our Town

1939- Robert E. Sherwood, Abe Lincoln in Illinois

1940- William Saroyan, The Time of Your Life

1941- Robert E. Sherwood, There Shall Be No Night

1943- Thornton Wilder, The Skin of Our Teeth

1945- Mary Chase, Harvey

1946- Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay, State of the Union

1948- Tennessee Williams, A Streetcar Named Desire

1949- Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman

1950- Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein 2d, and Joshua Logan, South Pacific

1952- Joseph Kramm, The Shrike

1953- William Inge, Picnic

1954- John Patrick, Teahouse of the August Moon

1955- Tennessee Williams, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

1956- Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, The Diary of Anne Frank

1957- Eugene O'Neill, Long Day's Journey Into Night

1958- Ketti Frings, Look Homeward, Angel

1959- Archibald MacLeish, J. B.

1960- George Abbott, Jerome Weidman, Sheldon Harnick, and Jerry Bock, Fiorello

1961- Tad Mosel, All the Way Home

1962- Frank Loesser and Abe Burrows, How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying

1965- Frank D. Gilroy, The Subject Was Roses

1967- Edward Albee, A Delicate Balance

1969- Howard Sackler, The Great White Hope

1970- Charles Gordone, No Place to Be Somebody

1971- Paul Zindel, The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds

1973- Jason Miller, That Championship Season

1975- Edward Albee, Seascape

1976- Michael Bennett, James Kirkwood, Nicholas Dante, Marvin Hamlisch, and Edward Kleban, A Chorus Line

1977- Michael Cristofer, The Shadow Box

1978- Donald L. Coburn, The Gin Game

1979- Sam Shepard, Buried Child

1980- Lanford Wilson, Talley's Folly

1981- Beth Henley, Crimes of the Heart

1982- Charles Fuller, A Soldier's Play

1983- Marsha Norman, 'night, Mother

1984- David Mamet, Glengarry Glen Ross

1985- Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine, Sunday in the Park With George

1987- August Wilson, Fences

1988- Alfred Uhry, Driving Miss Daisy

1989- Wendy Wasserstein, The Heidi Chronicles

1990- August Wilson, The Piano Lesson

1991- Neil Simon, Lost in Yonkers

1992- Robert Schenkkan, The Kentucky Cycle

1993- Tony Kushner, Angels in America: Millennium Approaches

1994- Edward Albee, Three Tall Women

1995- Horton Foote, The Young Man From Atlanta

1996- Jonathan Larson, Rent

1997- No award

1998- Paula Vogel, How I Learned to Drive

1999- Margaret Edson, Wit

2000- Donald Margulies, Dinner with Friends

2001- David Auburn, Proof

2002- Suzan-Lori Parks, Topdog/Underdog

2003- Nilo Cruz, Anna in the Tropics

2004- Doug Wright, I Am My Own Wife

2005- John Patrick Shanley, Doubt: A Parable

2006- No award

2007- David Lindsay-Abaire, Rabbit Hole

2008- Tracy Lefts, August: Osage County

2009- Lynn Nottage, Ruined

2010- Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey, Next to Normal

2011- Bruce Norris, Clybourne Park

2012- Quiara Alegria Hudes, Water by the Spoonful

2013- Ayad Akhtar, Disgraced

2014- Annie Baker, The Flick

2015- Stephen Adly Guirgis, Between Riverside and Crazy

2016- Lin-Manuel Miranda, Hamilton

2017- Lynn Nottage, Sweat



Pulitzer Prize: Poetry


1918- Love Songs, by Sara Teasdale

1919- Old Road to Paradise, by Margaret Widemer; Corn Huskers, by Carl Sandburg.

1922- Edwin Arlington Robinson, Collected Poems

1923- Edna St. Vincent Millay, The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver; A Few Figs From Thistles; Eight Sonnets in

American Poetry, 1922; A Miscellany

1924- Robert Frost, New Hampshire: A Poem With Notes and Grace Notes

1925- Edwin Arlington Robinson, The Man Who Died Twice

1926- Amy Lowell, What's O'Clock

1927- Leonora Speyer, Fiddler's Farewell

1928- Edwin Arlington Robinson, Tristram

1929- Stephen Vincent Benet, John Brown's Body

1930- Conrad Aiken, Selected Poems

1931- Robert Frost, Collected Poems

1932- George Dillon, The Flowering Stone

1933- Archibald MacLeish, Conquistador

1934- Robert Hillyer, Collected Verse

1935- Audrey Wurdemann, Bright Ambush

1936- Robert P. Tristram Coffin, Strange Holiness

1937- Robert Frost, A Further Range

1938- Marya Zaturenska, Cold Morning Sky

1939- John Gould Fletcher, Selected Poems

1940- Mark Van Doren, Collected Poems

1941- Leonard Bacon, Sunderland Capture

1942- William Rose Benet, The Dust Which Is God

1943- Robert Frost, A Witness Tree

1944- Stephen Vincent Benet, Western Star

1945- Karl Shapiro, V-Letter and Other Poems

1947- Robert Lowell, Lord Weary's Castle

1948- W. H. Auden, The Age of Anxiety

1949- Peter Viereck, Terror and Decorum

1950- Gwendolyn Brooks, Annie Allen

1951- Carl Sandburg, Complete Poems

1952- Marianne Moore, Collected Poems

1953- Archibald MacLeish, Collected Poems

1954- Theodore Roethke, The Waking

1955- Wallace Stevens, Collected Poems

1956- Elizabeth Bishop, Poems, North and South

1957- Richard Wilbur, Things of This World

1958- Robert Penn Warren, Promises: Poems 1954-1956

1959- Stanley Kunitz, Selected Poems 1928-1958

1960- W. D. Snodgrass, Heart's Needle

1961- Phyllis McGinley, Times Three: Selected Verse From Three Decades

1962- Alan Dugan, Poems

1963- William Carlos Williams, Pictures From Breughel

1964- Louis Simpson, At the End of the Open Road

1965- John Berryman, 77 Dream Songs

1966- Richard Eberhart, Selected Poems

1967- Anne Sexton, Live or Die

1968- Anthony Hecht, The Hard Hours

1969- George Oppen, Of Being Numerous

1970- Richard Howard, Untitled Subjects

1971- William S. Merwin, The Carrier of Ladders

1972- James Wright, Collected Poems

1973- Maxine Winokur Kumin, Up Country

1974- Robert Lowell, The Dolphin

1975- Gary Snyder, Turtle Island

1976- John Ashbery, Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror

1977- James Merrill, Divine Comedies

1978- Howard Nemerov, Collected Poems

1979- Robert Penn Warren, Now and Then: Poems 1976-1978

1980- Donald Justice, Selected Poems

1981- James Schuyler, The Morning of the Poem

1982- Sylvia Plath, The Collected Poems

1983- Galway Kinnell, Selected Poems

1984- Mary Oliver, American Primitive

1985- Carolyn Kizer, Yin

1986- Henry Taylor, The Flying Change

1987- Rita Dove, Thomas and Beulah

1988- William Meredith, Partial Accounts: New and Selected Poems

1989- Richard Wilbur, New and Collected Poems

1990- Charles Simic, The World Doesn't End

1991- Mona Van Duyn, Near Changes

1992- James Tate, Selected Poems

1993- Louise Gluck, The Wild Iris

1994- Yusef Komunyakaa, Neon Vernacular

1995- Philip Levine, The Simple Truth

1996- Jorie Graham, The Dream of the Unified Field

1997- Lisel Mueller, Alive Together: New and Selected Poems

1998- Charles Wright, Black Zodiac

1999- Mark Strand, Blizzard of One

2000- CK Williams, Repair

2001- Stephen Dunn, Different Hours

2002- Carl Dennis, Practical Gods

2003- Paul Muldoon, Moy Sand and Gravel

2004- Franz Wright, Walking to Martha's Vineyard

2005- Ted Kooser, Delights & Shadows

2006- Claudia Emerson, Late Wife

2007- Natasha Trethewey, Native Guard

2008- Philip Schultz, Failure

2009- W.S. Merwin, The Shadow of Sirius

2010- Rae Armantrout, Versed

2011- Kay Ryan, The Best of It: New and Selected Poems

2012- Tracy K. Smith, Life on Mars

2013- Sharon Olds, Stag's Leap

2014- Vijay Seshadri, 3 Sections

2015- Gregory Pardlo, Digest

2016- Peter Balakian, Ozone Journal

2017- Tyehimba Jess, Olio



Nobel Prize in Literature


(listed with one well-known work)


1901        Sully Prudhomme (France), The Destinies

1902        Theodor Mommsen (Germany), Romische Geschichte

1903        Bjornstjerne Bjornson (Norway), Sigurd the Bastard trilogy

1904        Frederic Mistral (France), Mireio

                Jose Echegaray y Eizaguirre (Spain), El Matadero

1905        Henryk Sienkiewicz (Poland), With Fire and Sword

1906        Giosue Carducci (Italy), The Hymn to Satan

1907        Rudyard Kipling (United Kingdom), Captains Courageous

1908        Rudolf C. Eucken (Germany), Knowledge and Life

1909        Selma O.L. Lagerlof (Sweden), Jerusalem

1910        Paul von Heyse (Germany), L'Arrabiata

1911        Maurice Maeterlinck (Belgium), Pelleas et Melisandre

1912        Gerhart Hauptmann (Germany), The Weavers

1913        Sir Rabindranath Tagore (India), Ravindrasangeet

1914        Not awarded

1915        Romain Rolland (France), Jean Christophe

1916        Verner von Heidenstam (Sweden), Dikter

1917        Karl Gjellerup (Denmark), The Pilgrim Kamanoto

                Henrik Pontoppidan (Denmark), Emanuel or Children of the Soul

1918        Not awarded

1919        Carl Spitteler (Switzerland), Olympian Spring

1920        Knut Hamsun (Norway), The Growth of the Soil

1921        Anatole France (France), Penguin Island

1922        Jacinto Benavente y Martinez (Spain), Bonds of Interest

1923        William Butler Yeats (Ireland), The Second Coming

1924        Wladyslaw S. Reymont (Poland), The Peasants

1925        George Bernard Shaw (United Kingdom), Man and Superman

1926        Grazia Deledda (Italy), Elias Portulu

1927        Henri Louis Bergson (France), Creative Evolution

1928        Sigrid Undset (Norway), Kristin Lavransdatter

1929        Thomas Mann (Germany), The Magic Mountain

1930        Sinclair Lewis (United States), Arrowsmith

1931        Erik Axel Karlfeldt (Sweden), Fridolin's Songs

1932        John Galsworthy (United Kingdom), Forsyte Saga

1933        Ivan Alekseevich Bunin (USSR), The Gentleman from San Francisco

1934        Luigi Pirandello (Italy), Six Characters in Search of an Author

1935        Not awarded

1936        Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (United States), Mourning Becomes Electra

1937        Roger Martin du Gard (France), Les Thibaults

1938        Pearl Buck (Sydenstricker) (United States), The House of Earth

1939        Frans Eemil Sillanpaa (Finland), Meek Heritage

1940        Not awarded

1941        Not awarded

1942        Not awarded

1943        Not awarded

1944        Johannes V. Jensen (Denmark), The Long Journey

1945        Gabriela Mistral (Chile), The Wine Press

1946        Hermann Hesse (Switzerland), Steppenwolf

1947        Andre Gide (France), The Immoralist

1948        T(homas) S(tearns) Eliot (United Kingdom), The Waste Land

1949        William Faulkner (United States), Absalom Absalom

1950        Bertrand A.W. Russell (United Kingdom), Principia Mathematica

1951        Par F. Lagerkvist (Sweden), Barabbas

1952        Francois Mauriac (France), Therese Desqueyroux

1953        Sir Winston Churchill (United Kingdom), The Crisis

1954        Ernest Hemingway (United States), The Sun Also Rises

1955        Halldor Kiljan Laxness (Iceland), Under the Holy Mountain

1956        Juan Ramon Jimenez (Spain), Platero and I

1957        Albert Camus (France), The Fall

1958        Boris L. Pasternak* (USSR), Dr. Zhivalgo

1959        Salvatore Quasimodo (Italy), To Give and To Have

1960        Saint-John Perse (France), Seamarks

1961        Ivo Andric (Yugoslavia), The Bridge on the Drina

1962        John Ernst Steinbeck (United States), The Grapes of Wrath

1963        George Seferis (Greece), Turning Point

1964        Jean-Paul Sartre* (France), Being and Nothingness

1965        Mikhail A. Sholokhov (USSR), The Quiet Don

1966        Shmuel Yosef H. Agnon (Israel), The Bridal Canopy

                Nelly Sachs (Germany-Sweden), The Nightingale of Wittenburg

1967        Miguel Angel Asturias (Guatemala), El senor presidente

1968        Kawabata Yasunari (Japan), The Izu Dancer

1969        Samuel Beckett (Ireland), Waiting for Godot

1970        Aleksandr I. Solzhenitzyn (USSR), The Gulag Archipelago

1971        Pablo Neruda (Chile), Canto general

1972        Heinrich Boll (West Germany), The Clown

1973        Patrick V.M. White (Australia), Happy Valley

1974        Eyvind Johnson (Sweden), Krilon trilogy

                Harry Martinson (Sweden), Cape Farewell

1975        Eugenio Montale (Italy), Cuttlefish Bones

1976        Saul Bellow (United States), The Adventures of Augie March

1977        Vicente Aleixandre (Spain), Revista de Occidente

1978        Isaac Bashevis Singer (United States), The Magician of Lublin

1979        Odysseus Elytis (Greece), The Axion Esti of Odysseus Elytis

1980        Czeslaw Milosz (Poland-United States), The Captive Mind

1981        Elias Canetti (United Kingdom), The Tower of Babel

1982        Gabriel Garcia Marquez (Columbia), One Hundred Years of Solitude

1983        William Golding (United Kingdom), Lord of the Flies

1984        Jaroslav Seifert (Czechoslovakia), Put Out the Lights

1985        Claude Simon (France), The Flanders

1986        Wole Soyinka (Nigeria), The Swamp Dwellers

1987        Joseph Brodsky (United States), A Halt in the Wilderness

1988        Naguib Mahfouz (Egypt), The Cairo Trilogy

1989        Camilo Jose Cela (Spain), The Hive

1990        Octavio Paz (Mexico), The Labyrinth of Solitude

1991        Nadine Gordimer (South Africa), The Soft Voice of the Serpent

1992        Derek W. Walcott (St. Lucia), Dream on Monkey Mountain

1993        Toni Morrison (United States), Beloved

1994        Oe Kenzaburo (Japan), The Catch

1995        Seamus Heaney (Ireland), Death of a Naturalist

1996        Wislawa Szymborska (Poland), That's Why We're Alive

1997        Dario Fo (Italy), Comic Mysteries

1998        Jose Saramago (Portugal), Baltasar and Blimunda

1999        Gunter Grass (Germany), The Tin Drum

2000        Gao Xingjian (China), Soul Mountain

2001        Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul (UK, born Trinidad and Tobago), A House for Mr. Biswas

2002        Imre Kertesz (Hungary), Fatelessness

2003        J.M. Coetzee (South Africa), Life & Times of Michael K

2004        Elfriede Jelinek (Austria), The Piano Teacher

2005        Harold Pinter (UK), The Birthday Party

2006        Orhan Pamuk (Turkey), The White Castle

2007        Doris Lessing (UK, born Iran), Children of Violence

2008        J.M.G. Le Clezio (France/Mauritius), Le Proces-Verbal

2009        Herta Muller (Germany, born Romania), The Hunger Angel

2010        Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru/Spain), Conversation in the Cathedral

2011        Tomas Transtromer (Sweden), The Sorrow Gondola

2012        Mo Yan (China), Red Sorghum Clan

2013        Alice Munro (Canada), Who Do You Think You Are?

2014        Patrick Modiano (France), Rue des boutiques obscures

2015        Svetlana Alexievich (Belarus, born Ukraine), War's Unwomanly Face

2016        Bob Dylan (US), songwriter, The Times They Are a-Changin



Booker Prize


1969        P. H. Newby, Something to Answer For

1970        Bernice Rubens, The Elected Member

1971        V. S. Naipaul, In a Free State

1972        John Berger, G

1973        J. G. Farrell, The Siege of Krishnapur

1974        Nadine Gordimer, The Conservationist

                Stanley Middleton, Holiday

1975        Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, Heat and Dust

1976        David Storey, Saville

1977        Paul Scott, Staying On

1978        Iris Murdoch, The Sea, The Sea

1979        Penelope Fitzgerald, Offshore

1980        William Golding, Rites of Passage

1981        Salman Rushdie, Midnight's Children

1982        Thomas Keneally, Schindler's Ark

1983        J. M. Coetzee, Life and Times of Michael K

1984        Anita Brookner, Hotel du Lac

1985        Keri Hulme, The Bone People

1986        Kingsley Amis, The Old Devils

1987        Penelope Lively, Moon Tiger

1988        Peter Carey, Oscar and Lucinda

1989        Kazuo Ishiguro, The Remains of the Day

1990        A. S. Byatt, Possession

1991        Ben Okri, The Famished Road

1992        Michael Ondaatje, The English Patient

                Barry Unsworth, Sacred Hunger

1993        Roddy Doyle, Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha

1994        James Kelman, How Late It Was, How Late

1995        Pat Barker, Ghost Road

1996        Graham Swift, Last Orders

1997        Arundhati Roy, The God of Small Things

1998        Ian McEwan, Amsterdam

1999        J. M. Coetzee, Disgrace

2000        Margaret Atwood, The Blind Assassin

2001        Peter Carey, True History of the Kelly Gang

2002        Yann Martel, Life of Pi

2003        DBC Pierre, Vernon God Little

2004        Alan Hollinghurst, The Line of Beauty

2005        John Banville, The Sea

2006        Kiran Desai, The Inheritance of Loss

2007        Anne Enright, The Gathering

2008        Aravind Adiga, The White Tiger

2009        Hilary Mantel, Wolf Hall

2010        Howard Jacobson, The Finkler Question

2011        Julian Barnes, The Sense of an Ending

2012        Hilary Mantel, Bring Up the Bodies

2013        Eleanor Catton, The Luminaries

2014        Richard Flanagan, The Narrow Road to the Deep North

2015        Marlon James, A Brief History of Seven Killings

2016        Paul Beatty, The Sellout