Books

Nilsson, N., Learning Machines: Foundations of Trainable Pattern-Classifying Systems, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965. (Reprinted as: Nilsson, N., The Mathematical Foundations of Learning Machines, San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann, 1990.)

Nilsson, N., Problem-Solving Methods in Artificial Intelligence, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971.

Nilsson, N., Principles of Artificial Intelligence, San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann, 1980.

Webber, B., and Nilsson, N., (eds.), Readings in Artificial Intelligence, San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann, 1981.

Genesereth, M., and Nilsson, N., Logical Foundations of Artificial Intelligence, San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann, 1987.

Nilsson, N., Artificial Intelligence: A New Synthesis, San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann, 1998. (For a list of known errors and typos, see Errata.. Also, check out some Clarifications.)

Nilsson, N., The Quest for Artificial Intelligence: A History of Ideas and Achievements, Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Nilsson, N., Understanding Beliefs, The MIT Press, forthcoming 2014.

My draft book on Machine Learning is still available on the web even though it is becoming outdated.

Contributions to Books

Block, H., Duda, R., and Nilsson, N., "Determination and Detection of Features in Patterns," in Computer and Information Sciences, pp. 75-110, Washington, DC: Spartan Books, Inc., 1964. Available as an optically scanned report, December 1963.

Nilsson, N., and Raphael, B., "Preliminary Design of an Intelligent Robot," in Tou, J. T., (ed.), Computer and Information Sciences II, pp. 235-259, New York: Academic Press, 1967.

Arbib, M., Nilsson, N., and Franklin, G., "Some Ideas on Information Processing in the Cerebellum," in Caianiello, E. R. (ed.), Neuronal Networks, pp. 43-58, New York: Springer, 1968.

Nilsson, N., "Adaptive Pattern Recognition: A Survey," in Cybernetic Problems in Bionics, New York: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Inc., 1968.

Fikes, R., Hart, P., and Nilsson, N., "Some New Directions in Robot Problem Solving," in Meltzer, B., and Michie, D. (eds.), Machine Intelligence 7, pp. 405-430, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1972. Available as an SRI AI Center Technical Note (No. 68).

Nilsson, N., "Robots and Artificial Intelligence," Encyclopedia of Modern Science, Kodansha Publishing Co., 1973.

Duda, R., Hart, P., Nilsson, N., and Sutherland, G., "Semantic Network Representations in Rule-based Inference Systems," in Waterman, D., and Hayes-Roth, R., (eds.), Proceedings of a Workshop on Pattern-Directed Inference Systems, Hawaii, May 1977. Available as an SRI AI Center Technical Note (No. 136).

Nilsson, N., "A Production System for Automatic Deduction," in Elcock and Michie (eds.), Machine Intelligence 9, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1979. Available as an SRI AI Center Technical Note (No. 148).

Duda, R. O., Nilsson, N. J., and Raphael, B., "State of Technology in Artificial intelligence," in P. Wegner (ed.), Research Directions in Software Technology, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 729-749, 1980.

Nilsson, N., "Artificial Intelligence, Employment, and Income," Chapter 9 (pages 103-123) of Impacts of Artificial Intelligence: Scientific, Technological, Military, Economic, Societal, Cultural, and Political, Robert Trappl and Michael A. Arbib (Eds.),
North-Holland, 1986.

Benson, S., and Nilsson, N., "Reacting, Planning and Learning in an Autonomous Agent," in Furukawa, K., Michie, D., and Muggleton, S. (eds.), Machine Intelligence 14, Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1995. (In connection with this article, also see the draft memo by Benson and Nilsson entitled "Reactive Architecture Memo." It deals with the matter of how best to choose from among a number of goals to achieve.)

Nilsson, N., "The Physical Symbol System Hypothesis: Status and Prospects," in M. Lungarella, et al., (eds.), 50 Years of AI, Festschrift, LNAI 4850, pp. 9-17, Springer, 2007.

Archival Journal Articles

Nilsson, N., "On the Optimum Range Resolution of Radar Signals in Noise", IRE Transactions on Information Theory, October, 1961.

Hart, P., Nilsson, N., and Raphael, B., "A Formal Basis for the Heuristic Determination of Minimum Cost Paths," IEEE Trans. Syst. Science and Cybernetics, SSC-4(2):100-107, 1968.

Hart, P., Nilsson, N., and Raphael, B., "Correction to 'A Formal Basis for the Heuristic Determination of Minimum-Cost Paths'," SIGART Newsletter, no. 37, pp. 28-29, December, 1972.

Fikes, R., and Nilsson, N., "STRIPS: A New Approach to the Application of Theorem Proving to Problem Solving," Artificial Intelligence, 2(3/4):189-208, 1971.

Luckham, D. C. and Nilsson, N., "Extracting Information from Resolution Proof Trees," Artificial Intelligence, 2(1):27-54, 1971.

Fikes, R., Hart, P., and Nilsson, N., "Learning and Executing Generalized Robot Plans," Artificial Intelligence, 3(4):251-288, 1972. (Online version available, as an SRI Technical Note.)

Nilsson, N., "The Interplay Between Experimental and Theoretical Methods in Artificial Intelligence," Cognition and Brain Theory, January 1981. A draft version exists as an SRI AI Center Technical Note, Nils J. Nilsson, "The Interplay Between Experimental and Theoretical Methods in Artificial Intelligence," SRI AI Center Technical Note 229, September, 1980.

Nilsson, N., "Probabilistic Logic," Artificial Intelligence, 28(1):71-87, 1986.

Nilsson, N. "Logic and Artificial Intelligence," Artificial Intelligence, 47:31-56, 1991.

Nilsson, N., "Probabilistic Logic Revisited," Artificial Intelligence, vol. 59, pp. 39-42, 1993.

Fikes, R., and Nilsson, N., "STRIPS: A Retrospective," Artificial Intelligence, vol. 59, pp. 227-232, 1993.

Nilsson, N., "Teleo-Reactive Programs for Agent Control," Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 1:139-158, January1994. (All JAIR articles are available in PDF and PostScript from the Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research web site.)

Nilsson, N., "Teleo-Reactive Programs and the Triple-Tower Architecture," Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 5 (2001), Section B, pp. 99-110. PostScript version available at: http://www.ep.liu.se/ej/etai/2001/006/.

Conference Proceedings (Invited Papers)

Nilsson, N., "Survey of Pattern Recognition," Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 161:2, September 1969.

Nilsson, N., "Artificial Intelligence," Information Processing 74, pp. 778-801, Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Co., 1974.

Nilsson, N., "Some Examples of AI Mechanisms for Goal Seeking, Planning and Reasoning, XXI International Congress of Psychology, Paris, France, July 1976.

Refereed Conference Proceedings

Nilsson, N., "An Application of the Theory of Games to Radar Reception Problems," IRE National Conference Record, 1959.

Dausin, L., Niebuhr, K., and Nilsson, N., "The Effects of Wideband Signals on Radar Antenna Design," IRE WESCON Conference Record, 3, Part 1, pp. 40-48, 1959.

Munson, J., Brain, A., Forsen, G., Hall, D., Nilsson, N., and Rosen, C., "A Pattern-recognition Facility with a Computer-controlled Learning Machine," Proceedings IFIP Congress, 2:360-361, May 1965.

Rosen, C., and Nilsson, N., "An Intelligent Automaton," Proceedings IEEE International Conference, New York, 1967.

Nilsson, N., "A Mobile Automaton: An Application of Artificial Intelligence Techniques," Proceedings International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Washington, D.C., May 1969. Available as an SRI AI Center Informal Paper, January 1969.

Nilsson, N., "Searching Problem-Solving and Game-Playing Trees for Minimal-Cost Solutions," in Morrell, A. (ed.), Information Processing 68, vol. 2, pp. 1556-1562, Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1969.

Duda, R. O., Hart, P. E., and Nilsson, N., "Subjective Bayesian Methods for Rule-Based Inference Systems," Proc. AFIPS Nat. Computer Conference, vol. 47:1075-1082, 1976. Available as SRI AI Center Technical Note, January 1976.

Konolige, K., and Nilsson, N., "Multiple Agent Planning Systems," Proceedings AAAI National Conference, Stanford University, August 1980.

Essays (some published, some not)

Nilsson, N., "Understanding Research," text of remarks made at a panel on "Speech Understanding and AI; AI and Speech Understanding," 5th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence-1977, IJCAI-77 Proceedings of the Conference, pp. 973-974, vol. two, 1977.

Nilsson, N., "Artificial Intelligence: Engineering, Science, or Slogan?" The AI Magazine, 3(1), Winter, 1981-82.

Nilsson, N., "Artificial Intelligence Prepares for 2001," The AI Magazine, 4(4), Winter 1983.

Nilsson, N., "Introduction to the COMTEX Microfiche Edition of the SRI Artificial Intelligence Center Technical Notes: A Brief History of the SRI Artificial Intelligence Center," The AI Magazine, 5(1), Spring 1984.

Nilsson, N., "Artificial Intelligence, Employment, and Income," The AI Magazine, 5(2), Summer 1984.

Nilsson, N., "A Short Rebuttal to Searle," (unpublished note), November 6, 1984.

Nilsson, N. "Fantasy, Computation, and Reality," December 14, 1985. (Unpublished version of the 1985 Jacob Bronowski Memorial Lecture given at New College, University of Toronto on November 6, 1985.)

Nilsson, N., "The Mind," pp. 62-63, The Stanford Magazine, Winter, 1986. [Part of a feature called "What is the Question?"]

Nilsson, N., "Thoughts on Becoming the First Kumagai Professor of Engineering," (unpublished note), March 18, 1991.

Nilsson, N., "Eye on the Prize," AI Magazine, 16(2), pp. 9-16, Summer, 1995.

Nilsson, N., "Challenge Problems for Artificial Intelligence: Toward Flexible and Robust Robots," Proceedings of AAAI-96, Thirteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 1340-1345, Portland, Oregon, August 1996, AAAI Press, Menlo Park, California, 1996.

Nilsson, N., "Robotics and Artificial Intelligence," J. Expt. Theor. Artif. Intell., 9(2-3), pp. 337-338 (preface), April 1, 1997.

Nilsson, N., "Considerations Regarding Human-Level Artificial Intelligence," (unpublished note), January 2002.

Nilsson, N., "Reconsiderations," The AI Magazine, 26(4), pp. 36-38, Winter, 2005.

Nilsson, N., "Human-Level Artificial Intelligence? Be Serious!", The AI Magazine, 26(4), pp. 68-75, Winter, 2005.

Nilsson, N., "Commentary on David Sahner’s 'Human Consciousness and Selfhood',"  Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, Vol. 2, Issue 2 | pp. 214-215, March 2011.



Other Writings

Brain, A., Forsen, G., Nilsson, N., and Rosen, C., "Learning Machines," International Science and Technology, pp. 20-30, November 1962.

Nils J. Nilsson, Sandra B. Cook, Alan C. Kay, Faye Duchin, Margaret A. Boden, and Dennis Chamot, "Artificial Intelligence: Its Impact on Human Occupations and Distribution of Income," (Panel Discussion),pages 1195-1198 , Proceedings International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 1983.

Nilsson, N., (ed.), Shakey the Robot, Technical Note 323, (about 6 MB), SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, 1984. [The SRI film "Shakey The Robot" is available (701 MB) at http://www.ai.sri.com/movies/Shakey.avi.]

Nilsson, N. J., "In Memoriam: John G. Gaschnig, June 24, 1950 - March 4, 1982,AI Magazine,  Volume 3,  Number 2, p. 3,  1982.

Nilsson, N., Triangle Tables: A Proposal for a Robot Programming Language, Technical Note 347, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, February, 1985.

Nilsson, N., "Triangle-Table Trees," (unpublished note), August, 1990.

Nilsson, N., "Action Networks," Proceedings from the Rochester Planning Workshop: From Formal Systems to Practical Systems, J. Tenenberg, et al. (eds.), University of Rochester, Computer Science Technical Report 284, April 1989.

Nilsson, N., Toward Agent Programs with Circuit Semantics, Technical Report STAN-CS-92-1412, Stanford University Computer Science Department, 1992. (1.1 MB.)

Benson, S., and Nilsson, N., "Reactive Architecture Memo," (unpublished note), February, 1994.

Nilsson, N. J., "Learning Strategies for Mid-Level Robot Control: Some Preliminary Considerations and Results," (unpublished note), May, 2000.

Nilsson, N. J., "Predicate-Squish (P-Squish) and Block-Stacking: Rough Preliminary Notes," April 3, 2002.

Nilsson, N. J., "Questions and Answers," in R. Dechter, H. Geffner, and J.Y. Halpern, eds., Heuristics, Probability and Causality:  A Tribute to Judea Pearl, pp. 547-551, College Publication, 2010.

Nilsson, N. J., "John McCarthy, 1927-2011: A Biographical Memoir," National Academy of Sciences, 2012.